Are Chickpeas Keto-Friendly?

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Chickpeas are part of the legume family and are the main ingredient of hummus. They are considered a staple food for most vegetarians and vegans. Recently, they have become a popular tasty snack as people are looking for a healthy, crunchy alternative to chips, and this plant-based protein does the job. 

Like other legumes, such as lentils, they are high in fiber and protein. They also contain important vitamins and minerals and have numerous health benefits.
 
This page will answer common questions about this beloved food, including if they are safe for keto, what macro and micronutrients it has, how much you can eat on the ketogenic diet, important things to know about the different types, and keto-friendly alternatives.

 

What are chickpeas?

The most common chickpea is a beige colour and round in shape, but one would also find black, green, or red. They are a legume of the Fabaceae family, a subfamily of Faboideae. It is also known as gram, Bengal gram, garbanzo bean or the Egyptian pea. 
 
Chickpeas were introduced into India in the 18th century, and by 2019, India was responsible for 70% of global production. In Mediterranean and Middle Eastern cuisines, these legumes are a key ingredient. They are used in hummus and in the famous falafel. In Indian cuisine, they are used in salads, soups and stews, and curry. 

 

Nutritional facts for chickpeas 

Legumes, and therefore chickpeas, are unique, as they are one of the only foods that contain a significant amount of carbohydrates and protein per portion. They are high in fiber, and are low GI when compared to other starch-containing vegetables like sweet potato or butternut. 

Having a low glycemic index (GI) means that the body absorbs and digests them slowly. Also, the type of starch that chickpeas contain, amylose, digests slowly. The GI and the amylose help keep your blood sugar and insulin from spiking and dipping, which is great for sustained energy, especially for those with diabetes. 

They are high in dietary fiber, particularly a soluble fiber called raffinose. The good bacteria in your gut metabolizes the fiber, so your colon can digest it slowly. Eating more fiber will help you to pass softer bowel movements more frequently. If that wasn’t enough, the soluble fiber also lowers your risk of heart disease by lessening your total cholesterol and LDL (“bad”) cholesterol.

Vegans and vegetarians might have problems consuming enough protein if they do not include legumes in their diet. 

Chickpeas are also a good source of calcium, magnesium, and other nutrients for strong bones. But you will have to soak the dried versions first to get rid of something called phytate, which can inhibit calcium absorption. 

Serving size: ½ cup cooked chickpeas

  • Calories: 135 kcal
  • Fat: 2.1 g
  • Net carbohydrate (total carbohydrate - fiber): 16.2 g
  • Total carbohydrate: 22.5 g
  • Fiber: 6.3 g
  • Protein: 7.3 g

 As you can see, there are about 16g of net carbohydrate in a ½ cup serving, or 32g of net carbohydrate per 1 cup (keep in mind that this does not include any spices or oil).

 

Can you eat chickpeas on the keto diet?

Well, that depends. Can you control the portion size?
 
They have numerous health benefits, so including them in small amounts is a good idea. Since the serving of ½ cup contains more than 10 g of net carbohydrate, you could instead enjoy ¼ of a cup, which will provide you with around 8 g of net carbohydrate and 3 g of fiber
 
Meal planning will always help you to stay within your daily carbohydrate allowance. Decide how many carbs you can spare that day without going over your daily total.

 

How much chickpeas can you have on the keto diet?

The amount you can safely fit into your diet depends on your personal daily carbohydrate limit (calculate yours here) and what else you eat that day. 
 
If you aim to eat less than 50 g of net carbs each day, you can probably get away with consuming ¼ cup of cooked (8g of net carbs). 
 
If you’re eating less than 30 grams of net carbs a day, you could consider having just 1 Tbsp, with 3.4 g of net carbs. However, it can be difficult to eat such a small amount, so you may be better off avoiding this food altogether.

 

What kind of chickpeas can you have on keto?

One of the best things about garbanzo beans is that they are available all year round and are easy to store. You can find them in the shop, either canned or dried. If concerned with the nutritional content between dried and canned, they do not lose any nutrients when canned, so the choice of dried or canned is up to the buyer.

How to buy:

  • Dried: Chickpeas can be found in the dried section at the grocery store, along with rice, pasta and other dried beans. If the packet is opened, it can be stored in a jar or an airtight container for a year. These legumes lose moisture when they are stored, so don’t be surprised when they cook for a longer time if they have been sitting on the shelf!
  • Canned: The canning fairy has granted our wishes. No more soaking required or boiling for hours. Just rinse to get rid of the excess sodium, and dig in!
  • Flour: Mostly to be used for those who are gluten-free in baking and cooking. But be careful; the flour is relatively high in net carbohydrate (weighing in at about 43.3g/cup).

Remember that all chickpeas contain carbohydrates and need to be eaten in moderation, depending on your individualized requirements. The only type that would be totally off-limits are those with a chocolate coating, unless you can find a sugar-free version.

 

Keto-friendly substitutes for chickpeas

All legumes and pulses are good for your health and provide a number of health benefits. This being said, most of them have a similar nutritional profile, so to stay under a certain carb limit, portions need to be controlled. Some alternatives (that are nutritionally similar) include:

  • Soybeans 
  • Edamame beans
  • Black beans
  • Kidney beans
  • Lentils

For those of you looking for a similar texture to hummus when blended and mixed with olive oil and spices, you can try:

  • Eggplant / baba ganoush 
  • Mushrooms pâté

 

FAQ about chickpeas on a keto diet

Do you still have some questions about chickpeas and how to incorporate them into your diet? Take a look at our FAQs for some additional information.

If you have time and you prefer to cook foods from scratch, follow these steps:

  1. Soak: Remembering to soak beans might be the most difficult part of this whole process, but that is why we have reminders on our phones and fridges. Place the rinsed chickpeas in a bowl and fill with cold water, enough to completely cover the content. Let stand overnight. Soaking ensures less cooking time and makes them easier to digest. 
  2. Cook: After soaking, Pour out the water, rinse if you would like, and place them in a pot with fresh water. Cook for an hour, or until tender. Don’t add salt yet, as it can increase the cooking time. 
  1. Flavor: Set the oven to 400 degrees F or 200 degrees C. After draining or cooking, remove the excess water and the skins, and dry with a clean kitchen or paper towel. Add in some canola or coconut oil, and gently toss to spread around. Now you can add spices, we recommend paprika and coriander. 
  2. Roast: Line or spray a baking sheet with wax paper, foil or non-stick spray, and spread the seasoned chickpeas out evenly. Roast in the preheated oven for 20-30 min, until they are crispy and lightly coloured to your preference.

About 2 cups of chickpeas make 1 ⅓ cup hummus because they are ground down to form a paste. This means that hummus is concentrated and thus will contain more carbs cup for cup. 

This being said, you can use hummus in a number of ways and so don’t necessarily need a large portion, if you control your portions you can easily incorporate it into your plan. Check out our article "Is hummus keto-friendly?" to learn more!

There is some evidence that beans can cause some stomach upset if you aren’t used to them. Therefore, start slow and eat in smaller amounts before building up. It is important to rinse them before use, and remove the skin if you experience discomfort. If you have IBS, please discuss it with a registered dietitian.

Yes, absolutely! They can be enjoyed if you are restricting the amount of gluten in your diet. Some processed versions might have gluten in the flavoring, so be mindful of the ingredients.

Chickpeas are low GI and contain a high amount of fiber, which keeps you fuller for longer, control appetite, and assist with maintaining a healthy weight.